Country name Conventional Long Form: Republic of Zimbabwe
Conventional Short Form: Zimbabwe
Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy
Administrative Divisions: 8 provinces and 2 cities* with provincial status; Bulawayo*, Harare*, Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West, Masvingo, Matabeleland North, Matabeleland South and Midlands.
Independence: 18 April 1980
National Day: 18 April
Legal System: Mixture of Roman –Dutch and English Common Law
Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal
Executive Branch: Head of State
Executive President H.E Cde. E.D Mnangagwa (since 24 November 2017); The President is both the Chief of State and Head of Government.
The President appoints Co-Vice Presidents and the Cabinet
Co-Vice Presidents since 28 December 2017
(1) Rtd. Gen. Constantino Guveya Dominic Nyikadzino Chiwenga
(2) Cde. Kembo C.D Mohadi
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the President.
Elections: Presidential candidates nominated with a nomination paper signed by at least 10 registered voters (at least one from each province) and elected by popular vote for a 5-year term.
(1) The Senate
- 66 elected members from the 60 Senatorial Constituencies (6 from each of the 10 provinces).
- 5 members appointed by the State President.
- 16 Chiefs elected from the Chief’s electoral colleges, 2 from each of the eight rural provinces.
- The President and Deputy President of the National Chiefs Council elected by the National Council of Chiefs.
(2) The House of Assembly
- 210 members from the 210 House of Assembly Constituencies.
The Attorney General sits in both houses as an ex-officio member.
Judicial Branch: Supreme Court; High Court
Zimbabwe is a multiparty democracy and is home to tens of political parties.